A Comprehensive Guide to Understanding Corneal Ulcer 

Every day in a city like Mumbai, our eyes encounter dirt and dust particles swirling in the air as we go through the bustling roads. These particles may have an impact on our visual ability. Since our eyes are vulnerable to dust particles, it feels irritated, causing discomfort in the eyes. It may result in eye pain, redness, and other problems, and such symptoms reflect an ocular problem – corneal ulcer, or keratitis. 

A corneal ulcer is a serious eye condition that may result in vision loss, rupturing of the cornea (transparent outer layer of your eye), and tissue in the eye socket. If not treated timely, this condition can cause permanent vision loss. 

So, it is crucial that you visit the best eye hospital in Mumbai and get help to take proactive measures to safeguard your visual well-being. 


What Happens in Corneal Ulcers? 

The cornea of your eyes is responsible for focusing the entering light onto the lens of your eyes. If it inflames, is infected, or is injured, there occurs a formation of an open sore on the cornea, which is called corneal ulcer or keratitis. Individuals suffering from this eye condition may feel severe pain in the eyes, turning red. It feels like something is prickling your eyes. 

If you don’t visit an eye clinic as quickly as possible, it can lead to: 

  • Corneal scarring that affects your vision 
  • Permanent vision loss 
  • Cataracts  
  • Glaucoma 
  • Astigmatism  

How Do Doctors Identify Corneal Ulcers? 

Your eye specialists at the best eye hospital in Mumbai perform tests and exams to find the following symptoms in your eyes to detect corneal ulcer: 

  • Pain in the eye 
  • Redness or bloodshot eye 
  • Eye Discharge  
  • Light sensitivity 
  • Blurred vision 
  • Swelling in eyelids 

Corneal ulcer doesn’t usually affect both eyes at the same time. Sometimes, keratitis in your eyes is really small, but an eye doctor in Mumbai detects it using advanced tools. The professionals at the best eye hospital in Mumbai, Dr Agarwals Eye Hospital, analyze, assess, diagnose, and treat your eye condition with utmost care. 

What Causes Corneal Ulcer? 

The eye doctor in Mumbai determines the following factors that may cause corneal ulcers:  

  • Infections 

1(a) Bacterial Infection  

According to experts at the best eye clinic in Mumbai, bacterial infections are considered the primary cause of corneal ulcers. If you wear contact lenses, there is a high chance that you get this infection. A specialist at an eye hospital in Mumbai suggests cleaning your lenses properly. Some common bacteria causing the infection include Pseudomonas aeruginosa, coagulase-negative staphylococcus, and Staphylococcus aureus. 

1(b) Viral Infection

The eye doctor in Mumbai at Dr Agarwals Eye Hospital says that viruses that may cause corneal ulcers include cold sores (herpes simplex) and shingles (herpes zoster). For diagnosis, you can visit their eye clinic in Mumbai. 

1(c) Fungal Infection

Fungal infections in your eyes can occur if there is any injury in your cornea due to infection with plant or vegetable material. The common fungi causing the infection include Aspergillus, Fusarium, Scedosporiumapiospermum, phaeohyphpmycetes, and candida species. 

1(d) Parasitic Infection

The acanthamoeba virus causes parasitic infection in air, soil, and freshwater. If this virus gets into your eyes, you may get acanthamoeba keratitis. This virus can affect your eyes if you clean your contact lenses with tap water instead of a disinfectant solution. 


  • Vitamin A Deficiency 

Vitamin A deficiency causes dryness in the cornea, which can be a major cause of blindness. Eye specialist in Mumbai from the best eye clinic in Mumbai suggests that you must take a vitamin-rich diet. 

  • Severe Dry Eyes 

A dry eye is an eye-related problem in which your tears aren’t able to provide lubrication to your eyes. Due to this, the dirt particles stick to your eyes, causing itchiness that further may cause corneal ulcers. 

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What are the Treatment Options for Corneal Ulcers? 

Dr Agarwals Eye Hospital, one of the most preferred eye hospitals in Mumbai, has highly skilled professionals who assess your eye condition and treat your eyes. 

Once your eye specialist in Mumbai has diagnosed the causes of corneal ulcers in your eyes, they proceed with the treatment. The diagnosis and treatment from an eye specialist in Mumbai in the early stages can help you lower corneal scarring that may occur due to underlying conditions. Dr Agarwals Eye Hospital offers the latest treatment for healing the corneal ulcer, treating the causes, and relieving you of the symptoms. 

Based on the analysis by an eye doctor in Mumbai at the best eye hospital in Mumbai, be it bacterial, fungal, or viral, they recommend the following treatment options:  

  • Antibiotic Eye Drops – To kill bacteria.
  • Oral Antiviral Medication – For herpes simplex 
  • Corneal Transplant – Done for severe ulcers.
  • Pain Medications – To provide relief from pain and reduce inflammation.

If you observe any symptoms of corneal ulcer, visit the eye clinic in Mumbai. Dr Agarwals Eye Hospital in Mumbai is known to offer world-class facilities. This eye clinic in Mumbai operates in different cities. Kalyan, Wadala, Vashi, Chembur, Bhandup, Tardeo, and Borivali are some of the prime locations of Dr Agarwals Eye Hospital or eye clinic in Mumbai, where you can visit for treatment of all eye-related problems. 

So, don’t take chances with your precious eyesight; visit Dr Agarwals Eye Hospital today! 


Divya is a writer, who loves to read and write. She is a Company Secretary by profession. She is passionate about art, reading, writing, music, and creativity. She loves to do research on ‘Parenting’ and discover new things now and then. Her passion about positive parenting pushed her to write on ‘Wonder Parenting’. Her loving daughter, Vachie, helped her to dig deep and reach new heights on Parenting. She believes that ‘Parenting is Patience’ and shares her own journey to express that parenting approach differs for every individual.
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